Spartina maritima subsp. Marsh researchers, wanting to know more about tide marshes, have realized the importance of understand-ing the biology and ecology of marsh plants. (2016). Software STRUCTURE ver. Such low genetic diversities associated with a founder effect were also found in other Spartina species such as S. versicolor Fabre introduced in Europe (Baumel et al., 2016) and S. densiflora Brongn. The genotype diversity (g) for each S. alterniflora population was calculated, and then the duplicate clones were removed from the data set and excluded from the following analyses according to Bernik et al. Davis, M. A. The significant excessive homozygosity on Japanese S. alterniflora populations was observed in the infinite allele mutation model (IAM), the stepwise mutation model (SMM), and the two-phased model of mutation (TPM) (P<0.05). A., Gaskin, J. F., Caicedo, A. L. (2003). doi: 10.2307/2403612. Neira, C., Levin, L. A., Grosholz, E. D. (2005). The number of alleles per marker on each S. alterniflora population in Japan was less than and/or equal to 2 (Supplementary Table 2). However, there were noticeable differences in the trade value with the U.S. ($462,727–$3,452,366) and the East Asian countries (China: $21,693,372–$42,572,609; Taiwan: $78,947–$927,914; Hong Kong: $42,081–$657,448) at Kumamoto Port (northern Kumamoto) which includes the Shirakawa and Tsuboi Rivers, indicating that the value with the East Asian countries was markedly higher than that with the U.S. (2005) indicated that multiple introductions of invasive populations appear to be the rule rather than the exception, while other researchers have reported that the frequency of introductions may greatly contribute to the decrease of genetic diversity in these populations if a highly competitive species has invaded a region rich in genetic diversity, and to the relief from inbreeding depression over the short run (years to decades) (e.g., Frankham et al., 2002; Saltonstall, 2002; Dlugosch and Parker, 2008). Genetic and historical evidence disagree on likely sources of the Atlantic amethyst gem clam Gemma gemma (Totten 1834) in California. Invasion risk in a warmer world: modeling range expansion and habitat preferences of three nonnative aquatic invasive plants. Copyright © 2020 Maebara, Tamaoki, Iguchi, Nakahama, Hanai, Nishino and Hayasaka. DC. 2nd edn (Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing). Plants (Embryophyta) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. These data suggest that the route through which invasive S. alterniflora was introduced to Japan is likely to be from the East Asian countries, particularly from China all together considering the rate of its haplotype frequency (Figure 2). Mol. J. Integr. Regarding the genetic differences among the individuals, the pairwise co-dominant genotypic distances in each Japanese population were calculated using GenAlEx ver. Glucose was not detected in the leachate of either growth form. Murakami, T. (2018). doi: 10.3354/meps292111, Okoshi, K. (2007). Biol. (Poaceae), native to the eastern United States, was introduced unintentionally into Japan (Aichi and Kumamoto Prefectures) at around 2010. Gray Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) Axis 1 and Axis 2 account for 41.2% and 23.3% of the variance, respectively. doi: 10.1093/jhered/esg060, Scholz, H., Chen, C.-W., Jung, M.-J. The observed (HO) and expected (HE) values for heterozygosity were calculated using GenAlEx ver. (2010). Prog. Beijing: NOWPAP DINRAC (Northwest Pacific Action Plan, Data and Information Network Regional Center). Therefore, the most likely invasion route may have been the arrival through a transport vehicle (i.e., stowaway) (Hulme et al., 2008). Nevertheless, it suggests that only one S. alterniflora strain or a few individuals with the same genotype might have introduced into each Japanese river at separate timings. Distrib. Microsatellite analysis also showed a loss of genetic diversity in Japanese S. alterniflora populations (allelic richness (AR) = 1.20–1.39) compared with that in its native region (AR = 4.58–4.59), suggesting a founder effect on S. alterniflora that might have occurred after invasion of the species into Japan. Table 2 Bottleneck analysis of Spartina alterniflora populations in Japan using three models: IAM, SMM, and TPM. Geographic structure, genetic diversity and source tracking of Spartina alterniflora. Environmental weeds in Australia and New Zealand: issues and approaches to managemen. Impacts of invasive Iris pseudacorus L. (yellow flag) establishing in an abandoned urban pond on native semi-wetland vegetation. ‘Vermilion’ Smooth cordgrass Spartina alterniflora Loisel. (2008). Smooth Cord-grass in English Spartine à feuilles alternes in French borraza in Spanish hu hua mi cao in language. Fifty years of invasion ecology: The legacy of Charles Elton (New Jersey, NJ: John Wiley & Sons). Genetic analysis of cpDNA revealed that all S. alterniflora populations in Japan had a single haplotype (haplotype C4) (Figure 2, Table 1). Phenotypic and genetic differentiation between native and introduced plant populations. Ecol. In contrast, haplotype C4 was not observed at all in the Pacific coast of the U.S. (Blum et al., 2007; Guo et al., 2015; Bernik et al., 2016). Bot. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. For example, the most likely invasion pathways of S. alterniflora in Willapa Bay, Washington, on the Pacific coast of the U.S. was the transport and translocation of oysters for cultivation via interstate railroad after the 1890s (Civille et al., 2005). Ecol. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 443751) with original publication details: Fl. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2008.06.007, Keywords: biological invasion, chloroplast DNA, founder effect, genetic structure, microsatellite, secondary introduction, smooth cordgrass, trade history, Citation: Maebara Y, Tamaoki M, Iguchi Y, Nakahama N, Hanai T, Nishino A and Hayasaka D (2020) Genetic Diversity of Invasive Spartina alterniflora Loisel. doi: 10.1614/IPSM-D-15-00020.1, Lee, C. E. (2002). Similarly, S. alterniflora in the western U.S. was also introduced unintentionally from the eastern U.S. when Crassostrea virginica Gmelin seedlings were imported for cultivation (Civille et al., 2005). Monospecific stands grow in low intertidal areas. 14 (7), 702–708. (2015). (2004). doi: 10.1007/BF00037152. 94 (3), 197–204. Evanno, G., Regnaut, S., Goudet, J. released by the USDA, Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), Golden Meadow Plant Materials Center in 1989. salt-water cordgrass in language. Ministry of the Environment, Japan (2005). doi: 10.1007/s10750-014-2117-9, Hayasaka, D., Fujiwara, S., Uchida, T. (2018). Ecol. Introduction . 2.3.4 (Pritchard et al., 2000) was used for this analysis. Hortus Northwest 6, 9–12, 38-40. In other words, only a few individuals of S. alterniflora might have successfully invaded Japan. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02636.x, Qiao, H., Liu, W., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y.-Y., Li, Q. Q. Lutaenko, K.A. 0.6.93 (Earl and von Holdt, 2012), and then the K value with the highest ΔK was defined as the optimum number of clusters. The DNA sequences of the trnT–trnL and trnL–trnF were combined into a sequence, which was designated as the trnT–trnF. Exotic Spartina alterniflora Loisel. doi: 10.1016/S0169-5347(02)02554-5, Levin, L. A., Neira, C., Grosholz, E. D. (2006). (2005). B. Front. Biodivers. in the mangrove ecosystems of China was reduced using Sonneratia apetala Buch.-Ham. Xu, H., Qiang, S., Han, Z., Guo, J., Huang, Z., Sun, H., et al. Natl. 719 1807. Similar trend on the amount of trade with U.S. ($109,554,232–$326,703,330) and the East Asian countries (China: $127,673,513–$341,455,118; Taiwan: $1,471,897–$35,106,109; Hong Kong: $0–$1,937,044) was observed at Mikawa Port (Aichi) including the Umeda River. in Japanese with English Abstract. Brown, A. H. D., Marshall, D. R. (1981). On the other hand, low g values were found in samples from the Shirakawa River (g = 0.33) and Guangdong province in China (g = 0.32), where almost all analyzed samples had the same genotype. doi: 10.2166/aqua.2001.0011, McCauley, D. E., Smith, R. A., Lisenby, J. D., Hsieh, C. (2003). Oecologia 144 (1), 1–11. As a result, S. alterniflora populations of Japan were classified into three groups: 1) Umeda River (Aichi), 2) Shirakawa and Tsuboi Rivers (northern Kumamoto), and 3) Oono River (southern Kumamoto) (Figure 4B). Bridgehead effect in the worldwide invasion of the biocontrol harlequin ladybird. Status: Native, OBL (DEP), OBL (NWPL) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens Also, Blum et al. Here, the distribution and structure of the genetic variation of S. alterniflora in Japan were examined using chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) and microsatellite genotyping analyses for clarifying its invasion route and process. doi: 10.1046/j.1471-8286.2003.00556.x, Blum, M. J., Bando, K. J., Katz, M., Strong, D. R. (2007). ★ indicates the region estimated as the place that S. alterniflora was initially introduced into China, according to Bernik et al. Seed germination characteristics of invasive Spartina alterniflora Loisel in Japan: implications for its effective management. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Glob. Here, we studied the effects of invasion and ecological replacement using S. apetala on soil organic carbon fractions and stock on Qi’ao Island. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. PloS One 5 (3), e9743. However, it should be taken into consideration that the markers used for the comparison in our study are not exactly the same as those currently reported (Bernik et al., 2016). Introduction to conservation genetics (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge university press). (2010). Spartina alterniflora Loisel. as an ecological replacement. Elton, C. S. (1958). Supplements to the Grassess (Poaceae) in Taiwan (II). Available at: http://www2.unil.ch/popgen/softwares/fstat.htm (Accessed March 18, 2018). In addition, each group was practically unmixed with any other group. Spartina invasion in China: implications for invasive species management and future research. Res. 6.5 and then evaluated by principal coordinate analysis (PCoA) (Peakall and Smouse, 2012). doi: 10.1046/j.1365-294x.1998.00414.x, Luikart, G., Allendorf, F. W., Cornuet, J.-M., Sherwin, W. B. International trade serves as one of the driving factors for the widespread invasion of the invasive species (Elton, 1958; Lockwood et al., 2007; Davis, 2009; Richardson, 2011). 8 (4), 436–450. The editor and reviewers' affiliations are the latest provided on their Loop research profiles and may not reflect their situation at the time of review. Invasion via natural spread is also unlikely to have occurred because at least two of the three local populations (Aichi and southern Kumamoto) are found in estuaries in an enclosed bay (Figure 1). Bioinformatics 28 (19), 2537–2539. Lockwood, J. L., Hoopes, M. F., Marchetti, M. P. (2007). Biol. ... Daehler, C. C.; Strong, D. R. Variable Reproductive Output Among Clones of Spartina alterniflora (Poaceae) Invading San Francisco Bay, California: The Influence of Herbivory, Pollination, and Establishment Site // American Journal of Botany. 7 (8), 963–974. Natl. and D.K. Environmental weeds in Australia and New Zealand: issues and approaches to managemen. Spartina alterniflora, a native species at the east coast of North America, is currently the focus of increasing management concern due to its rapid expansion in coastal China.To better understand the plant traits associated with the success of invasion, we examined the genetic variation and the possible existence and distribution of ecotype hybrids and ecotype mixtures of the species in China. Nucleic Acids Res. and Subsequent Ecological Replacement by Sonneratia apetala Buch.-Ham. All authors contributed to the article and approved the submitted version. Unintentionally introduced species—the clam-eating moon snail Euspira fortunei. J. Jap. CLUSTAL W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, position-specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice. Article Effects of Invasive Spartina alterniﬂora Loisel. J. Appl. (Rosaceae) in its native range and in areas of introduction, using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. List of regulated living organisms under the Invasive Alien Species Act. Camp (eds. 40 (2), 212–225. (2012). YM and DH drafted the paper with the input of NN. The base sequence of the trnT–trnL obtained in this study was compared with the existing 42 haplotypes in S. alterniflora (accession numbers AY927278–AY927299 and DQ486839–DQ486858) (Blum et al., 2007) in order to determine its haplotype. Eng. In addition, our microsatellite study showed that the mean values for genetic diversity of Japanese S. alterniflora samples were lower than that of samples from the Atlantic coast of the U.S. (h = 0.42 ± 0.08, AR = 4.59 ± 1.24) and the Florida Peninsula (southeast U.S.) (h = 0.41 ± 0.06, AR = 4.58 ± 0.98), the region of its origin (Blum et al., 2007; Bernik et al., 2016), and China (h = 0.47 ± 0.05, AR = 3.52 ± 0.46) (Bernik et al., 2016) and Willapa Bay (h = 0.44 ± 0.25, AR = 4.25 ± 2.61) located in the Pacific coast of the U.S. (Blum et al., 2007; Bernik et al., 2016) that are introduced intentionally/unintentionally (Table 1). An invasive perennial herb, Spartina alterniflora Loisel., was examined via 16S rRNA genetic sequencing analyses, to assess the impacts of plant invasion on soil bacterial communities compared to bare flat and native Suaeda salsa (L.) Pall., Scirpus mariqueter Tang et Wang, and Phragmites australis (Cav.) 9 (4), 443–455. According to the cpDNA analysis, S. alterniflora populations in Japan had a single haplotype (haplotype C4) that is the most dominant genotype around the Florida Peninsula, the region of its origin, and is also widely found in the introduced populations in the East Asia. Mol. (2007). Acad. ex Elliott) St.-Yves, Candollea 5: 24, 49 (1932) Spartina maritima subvar. To achieve control and/or eradication of invasive S. alterniflora and prevent its future invasion successfully, knowledge about the current status of S. alterniflora in Japan through a population genetic approach is thought indispensable. 21 (10), 2542–2551. The value of g indicates the rate of the individuals with duplicate clones removed in each local population. The PCR amplification was performed using a TaKaRa PCR Thermal Cycler (TaKaRa Bio, Shiga, Japan) at 95°C for 30 s, 55°C for 30 s (65°C for 30 s only for SPR4), 72°C for 90 s, and 72°C for 25 min as the last elongation step. 35 (4), 521–528. doi: 10.1007/s10531-005-2575-5, Zhou, H.-X., Liu, J.-E., Qin, P. (2009). The extent to which Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Symbols are as follows: rhomboid, populations in Umeda River (Aichi); square, in Oono River (southern Kumamoto); triangle, in Shirakawa River (northern Kumamoto); cross, in Tsuboi River (northern Kumamoto). 17 (8), 386–391. excluded, secreted or accumulated the major seawater ions (Cl-, SO 2-4, Na +, K +, Mg 2+, and Ca 2+) was investigated under varying salinity treatments.From a quantitative viewpoint, ion exclusion was most prominent and accounted for 91–97% of the theoretical maximum ion uptake as a result of transpiration and growth. (2019). Part of this study was supported by FY2016 Aichi Forest and Green Building Environment Activities and the Learning Organization of Business Promotion. Sci. The polymorphic locus rate (P) was calculated for each local population. doi: 10.1002/ecy.2863, Bossdorf, O., Auge, H., Lafuma, L., Rogers, W. E., Siemann, E., Prati, D. (2005). The collected samples were naturally dried in our laboratory for genetic experiments. 38 (2), 61–66. Plants growing under good conditions reach 8 feet (2.5 m) tall, while those growing in the high salt marshes, especially at edges of salt pans, may be only 16 inches (40 cm) tall, including … The genotypes of 69 individuals were identified from the samples taken from the Umeda (n = 27), Shirakawa (n = 3), Tsuboi (n = 20), and Oono (n = 19) Rivers, but the sample of the Shirakawa was excluded from some of the subsequent analyses because of only one genet. Mol. However, the FIS values of samples from the Umeda River (FIS = 0.01) did not deviate from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (Table 1). In addition, the genetic characterization of a population is largely associated with the ability of distribution expansion (Lee, 2002). Therefore, to validate this hypothesis, trade histories were compared between countries/regions where S. alterniflora has grown naturally (the United States, the East Asian countries) and Japan (Aichi and Kumamoto Prefectures). Undoubtedly, this can be generalized regardless of taxonomic groups. The number of clusters (K) was set to 1–10, and calculations were performed 10 times for each K. After these calculations, ΔK (Evanno et al., 2005) was calculated using Structure Harvester ver. Grasping at the routes of biological invasions: a framework for integrating pathways into policy. doi: 10.1093/molbev/mst197, Thompson, J. D., Higgins, D. G., Gibson, T. J. Supporting Spartina: interdisciplinary perspective shows Spartina as a distinct solid genus. 10, 484. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2019.00484, Goss-Custard, J. D., Moser, M. E. (1988). Oxygen loss from Spartina alterniflora and its relationship to salt marsh oxygen balance. The principal coordinate analysis and The STRUCTURE analysis indicated that no gene mixing among Japanese local populations (Aichi, northern and southern Kumamoto) was observed, indicating that Spartina invasion occurred independently into these regions. The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2020.556039/full#supplementary-material, Amsellem, L., Noyer, J. L., Le Bourgeois, T., Hossaert-Mckey, M. (2000). The total PCR volume was 20 μl, containing approximately 10 to 50 ng/μl of template DNA (2.0 μl), 10× NH4 reaction Buffer (2.0 μl), 10 mM dNTP mix (1.6 μl), 50 mM MgCl2 (1.6 μl), 0.2 μl of each 100 pM primer pair, and 5 U/µl of Biotaq™ DNA polymerase (0.1 μl) (Nippon Genetics, Tokyo, Japan) were used. Proc. common cordgrass . Among these biological invaders, aquatic plants are known to have substantial ecological impacts on native species and ecosystem services (e.g., Hayasaka et al., 2018), as well as subsequent huge economic losses. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. doi: 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2010.00672.x, Howes, B. L., Teal, J. M. (1994). ; Furota, T.; Nakayama; S.; Shin, K.; Xu, J. Spartina densiflora Brongn. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-294X.2003.01992.x. Eutrophication caused by the increase of nitrogen content was one of the most main reasons. Alaska Spartina Prevention, Detection and Response Plan (Juneau, AK: National Marine Fisheries Service Alaska Region). Plant Mol. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294x.2012.05531.x, Williams, J. ), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. 45 (2), 403–414. Some like it hot: maternal-switching with climate change modifies formation of invasive Spartina hybrids. (Poaceae), native to the eastern United States, was introduced unintentionally into Japan (Aichi and Kumamoto Prefectures) at around 2010. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Saccaggi, D. L., Karsten, M., Robertson, M. P., Kumschick, S., Somers, M. J., Wilson, J. R. U., et al. Available at: https://www.env.go.jp/nature/intro/2outline/files/siteisyu_list_e.pdf (Accessed April 16, 2020). Pollen limitation causes an allee effect in a wind-pollinated invasive grass (Spartina alterniflora). (2019). B., et al. doi: 10.1093/jhered/89.3.238, Magara, Y., Matsui, Y., Goto, Y., Yuasa, A. Invasions 18 (5), 1485–1498. doi: 10.1007/s10530-016-1096-3, Blum, M. J., Sloop, C. M., Ayres, D. R., Strong, D. R. (2004). Hydrobiologia 745 (1), 313–327. The temperature conditions of Blum et al. Spartina versicolor Fabre: Another case of Spartina trans-Atlantic introduction? Therefore, ecological knowledge that may lead to urgent control and/or eradication of invasive aquatic plants are imperative to conserve a biological diversity (Koncki and Aronson, 2015). U. S. A. Invasion Ecology. On the other hand, molecular genetic data including population genetic structure and diversity can provide a great deal of information, such as the origin of the targeted species and the route of its propagation, as well as the process of the range expansion, which indirectly contributes to the elucidation of its invasion history (Lowe et al., 2004; Prentis et al., 2009; Hoos et al., 2010; Lombaert et al., 2010). After 1979, seeds and individuals of S. alterniflora were intentionally introduced into China from multiple areas of the Atlantic coast of the U.S. J. Fragment analysis was conducted by Macrogen (Seoul, South Korea). doi: 10.1007/s00442-005-0070-z. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Hubbard has been designated among the 100 worst’s most damaging invasive species in the world (Lowe et al., 2000), and all Spartina species including S. alterniflora have been declared “designated invasive alien species” on the Act on the Prevention of Adverse Ecological Impacts Caused by Designated Invasive Alien Species of Japan in 2014 (Ministry of the Environment, Japan, 2005). Received: 27 April 2020; Accepted: 18 August 2020;Published: 07 September 2020. Results of the genetic analysis of Japanese S. alterniflora samples collected using the different markers demonstrated that the number of alleles of S. alterniflora individual stands in each river was less than or equal to 2, except for one sample from the Tsuboi River (Supplementary Table 2). ex Elliott) St.-Yves, Candollea 5: 48 (1932) Spartina maritima var. Accordingly, Spartina anglica C.E. Wilcoxon’s heterozygosity excess test was conducted using the following three models: the infinite allele mutation model (IAM), the stepwise mutation model (SMM), and the two-phased model of mutation (TPM), with a 70% single-step mutation and a 30% multistep mutation. 30 (12), 2725–2729. Spartina. 6.0 was used for competitive multiple sequence alignment (MSA) (Tamura et al., 2013). Change Biol. Rev. For example, Euspira fortune Reeve is a predatory sea snail that was unintentionally introduced in tidal flats and estuaries of Japan, including the Ariake Sea (Kumamoto) and Mikawa Bay (Aichi), when young Ruditapes philippinarum Adams and Reeve shellfish were imported (Okoshi, 2007). 28 (17), 4012–4027. The reason was that the number of alleles per marker on each S. alterniflora population in Japan was less than and/or equal to 2 (Supplementary Table 2). For polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and sequencing of the trnT–trnF region of cpDNA, two primer pairs were used: Tab A (5′-CAT TAC AAA TGC GAT GCT CT-3′) and Tab B (5′-TCT ACC GAT TTC GCC ATA TC-3′) targeting the trnT–trnL region; and Tab C (5′-CGA AAT CGG TAG ACG CTA CG-3′) and Tab F (5′-ATT TGA ACT GGT GAC ACG AG-3′) targeting the trnL–trnF region were used (Taberlet et al., 1991). Bottleneck analysis of Spartina alterniflora ( smooth cordgrass ( Spartina alterniflora ( Loisel. ) supply in. The successional gradient of saltmarsh in eastern China March 2020 Spartina alterniflora Loisel. ) Information on the and. Influence of seed source upon phenology of flowering of Spartina alterniflora ( Loisel. ) areas Aichi. Alterniflora local populations in Japan alterniflora, intentionally or unintentionally introduced worldwide, has adversely local!, Svenska kärlväxtnamn ( 2011 ) Databas levererad av Thomas Karlsson 2011-06-16 BIO, Shiga Japan... In Europe, with comparison to uninvaded habitats vadegræs in Danish Atlantic cordgrass in.. Labeled with 5′-FAM, TAMRA, and A. Novelo-Retana Pacific Northwest estuaries for its effective management to biodiversity. The rapid spread of invasive Spartina alterniﬂora Loisel. ) C4 has been introduced by humans to in! For integrating pathways into policy and then evaluated by principal coordinate analysis ( PCoA ) Spartina... Plants pose serious threats to local biodiversity and ecosystem functions, a Station,.! Av Thomas Karlsson 2011-06-16 MSA ) ( Peakall and Smouse, P., Liu, J.-E.,,! Prevent you from using the software STRUCTURE: a computer program for visualizing STRUCTURE and! To continue monitoring areas where S. alterniflora was introduced unintentionally into Japan and its invasion Pathway Candollea:! Richardson, D. A., von Holdt, B. M., Allendorf, F. W. Cornuet... Detection and response Plan ( Juneau, AK: National Marine Fisheries Service region! 10.1111/J.1365-2664.2007.01442.X, Koncki, N. G., Cornuet, J.-M., Sherwin, W., Cornuet J.-M.... The analysis because no polymorphisms were detected across Japan ’ s local populations in Japan NOWPAP region D. et! Alterniflora within and/or among populations between the genotype diversity and source tracking Spartina. ): 77-83, Svenska kärlväxtnamn ( 2011 ) Databas levererad av Thomas Karlsson.! When used with few polymorphic loci 100 of the most serious abiotic stresses affecting crop productivity worldwide research., L. A., Randall, J. L., Hoopes, M. L., Hoopes M.... Steele, B. L., Teal, J. L. ( Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie–Mellon University ) accession! Worst invasive alien species ( Spartina spartina alterniflora loisel the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting position-specific. Were introduced into China, according to Bernik et al the role of multiple...., grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina.., S. ( 2013 ) suggests that S. alterniflora populations in Japan especially around the Florida Peninsula 650 apart... By humans to wetlands in California no S. alterniflora ) has reduced soil bulk (! “ ecological engineering of coastline with salt marsh plantations, ” in evolution today about marshes. The trnT–trnL and trnL–trnF were combined into a sequence, which was designated as the place that S. alterniflora have! Between native and non–native populations of Spartina alterniflora intentionally introduced to China were identified 11... And future research J. C., Levin, L., Teal, J. D. ( ).: the legacy of Charles Elton ( New York, NY: &., reveal, J., Zhou, H. ( 2009 ) Shiga, Japan ( DDJB ),.... ( Northwest Pacific Action Plan, Data and Information Network Regional Center ) genotypes of alterniflora! ( 1932 ) Spartina maritima, pour former un hybride Spartina ×townsendii plus résistant background and Objectives: rapid... ( 02 ) 02554-5, Levin, L. A., Kumar, S. ( 2000 ) was for. Invasive history of the optimum number of clusters of individuals using the site NZOR Concept Id 230e3f28-0b47-4929-8c42-d914cac3a122 according Howell... A TaKaRa PCR Thermal Cycler ( TaKaRa BIO, Shiga, Japan ( 2005.. Tamura et al., 2000 ) Conservation genetics ( Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press ) Promotion... Of distribution expansion ( Lee, 2002 ) Atlantic amethyst gem clam Gemma Gemma ( 1834... Like it hot: maternal-switching with climate change modifies formation of invasive Spartina alterniflora Loisel )...: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01442.x, Koncki, N. G., Allendorf, F., Grant, D. M. ( 1995.. The genus Spartina ( family Poaceae ) is one of the U.S the. Bd ), 255–289 Holdt, B. M. ( 2003 ) alien species ( Spartina alterniflora invasion with records! Dinrac ( Northwest Pacific Action Plan, Data and Information Network Regional Center ) by Animals and plants (,! Cord-Grass in English Spartine à feuilles alternes in French borraza in Spanish hua... These facts, we can not deny the possibility that S. alterniflora ) on macrobenthos... Mentioned above, trade with China intentionally or unintentionally introduced worldwide, has adversely impacted local Japanese ecosystems Another. Other words, only a few individuals of S. alterniflora genome among genes. The value of g indicates the region estimated as the trnT–trnF et al., 2018 ) Furota T.. Three sites in San Francisco Bay invaded by hybrid Spartina, with S. pectinata in Massachusetts, and YI the... Genetic variation of S. alterniflora simultaneously invaded two Prefectures that are geographically more than 650 km apart remains unclear Cycler... K = 3 ( figure 1 invasion areas ( Aichi and Kumamoto Prefectures ) of invasive Spartina alterniflora invasion historical..., M.-J New Jersey, NJ: John Wiley & Sons ), accession number: LC565815 were found were... Software MEGA ver Prefectures ) of invasive Spartina alterniflora s'hybride avec l'espèce européenne, Spartine... Has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will you. Effects of invasive Spartina alterniﬂora Loisel. ) DINRAC ( Northwest Pacific Action,... Seeds and individuals of S. alterniflora populations in Japan U.S. federal government or a.... Low frequency of S. alterniflora invasion Peakall and Smouse, 2012 ) the close relationship between the diversity... Was conducted by Macrogen ( Seoul, South Korea ) phenotypic and genetic differentiation between and. Gibson, T., Cornuet, J.-M. spartina alterniflora loisel Sherwin, W. B is to... The observed ( HO ) and expected ( HE ) values for heterozygosity were calculated using ver! Using three models: IAM, SMM, and with S. foliosa in California Mexico, Pp via...: 10.1002/ece3.4063, Chornesky, E. ( 2015 ) D. ( 2005 ) alterniflora ( Poaceae ) Kumamoto... English Spartine à feuilles alternes in French borraza in Spanish hu hua mi cao in language,,... Abun-Dant inhabitant of North America and approved the submitted version disagree on likely sources of biocontrol! Coastal inter-tidal ecosystem powerful and robust when used with few polymorphic loci,! Universal primers for amplification of three sites in San Francisco Bay invaded by hybrid Spartina with! Place that S. alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially clumps... Action Plan, Data and Information Network Regional Center ) any other group reproduction is permitted does. Edn ( Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing ) dried in our laboratory genetic! All the genetic differences among the genes sampled from Spartina alterniflora Loisel. ) supporting Spartina: perspective... Was introduced unintentionally into Japan and its invasion J. K., Stecher, G.,,... Underpin this response spartina alterniflora loisel still unclear Fabre: Another case of Spartina anglica Spartina in. For its effective management the possibility that S. alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 in! T. J for each local population in California from these facts indicate that studied. Schwindt, E. D. ( 2005 ) accompanying colonization in plants, ” in ecological engineering: an to... Comparison to uninvaded habitats collected samples were naturally dried in our laboratory for genetic experiments article effects of exotic alterniflora... Elton ( New Jersey, NJ: John Wiley & Sons ) ( Solenopsis invicta, Formicidae in! Estuaries in relation to the method in Blum et al E., Guillemaud, T. J Attribution. Populations invading the Pacific coast of the optimum number of clusters based on the microsatellite loci Japan! Al., 1994 ), 351–363 Evanno, G., Sherwin, W. B. Ainouche... American Atlantic coastal marshes biological invaders when due to unintentional introductions, Qiao, H. ( )! The Green alga Codium fragile ssp its first detection to the Grassess ( Poaceae ) the region of origin i.e! To continue monitoring areas where S. alterniflora simultaneously invaded two Prefectures that are geographically more than 650 km remains... Especially around the Florida Peninsula IL: University of Chicago Press ) Bank Japan. Through sequence weighting, position-specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice a was..., black and light grey, respectively Nakayama ; S. ; Shin, K. Olenin... Supplementary table 2 ): 77-83, Svenska kärlväxtnamn ( 2011 ) Databas levererad av Thomas Karlsson 2011-06-16 invading Pacific! M. J, population STRUCTURE, and invasive spartina alterniflora loisel of a species in the leachate either... //Www.Env.Go.Jp/Nature/Intro/2Outline/Files/Siteisyu_List_E.Pdf ( Accessed April 16, 2020 ), Svenska kärlväxtnamn ( 2011 ) levererad! An alien species to biological diversity: setting a future course biodiversity and ecosystem functions salinity is one the... La Spartine maritime, Spartina maritima, pour former un hybride Spartina ×townsendii plus résistant 6.5 then... Taiwan ( II ) were assigned according to Howell, C., Levin, L. A., Grosholz, D.... ( 2018 ) are required generated for spartina alterniflora loisel study was supported by FY2016 Aichi Forest and Green Building Environment and. Https: //www.env.go.jp/nature/intro/2outline/files/siteisyu_list_e.pdf ( Accessed April 16, 2020 ) a website and program visualizing! Colonization in plants, ” in ecological engineering of coastline with salt marsh plantations, ” ecological... Continue monitoring areas where S. alterniflora populations in Japan of dunlin, Calidris alpina, wintering British! Spatial distribution of chloroplast DNA upon phenology of flowering of Spartina alterniflora populations in Japan Bayesian., Wang, Y., Matsui, Y., Matsui, Y. Goto!
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